Diabetic retinopathy is the result of damage to the blood vessels which feed the retina due to diabetes. Over time, these blood vessels begin to leak blood and other fluids that cause swelling of your retinal tissue and cloud your vision. If left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness.
Regulating your blood sugar is the primary means of controlling the progression of your diabetic retinopathy. If fluid leakage is occurring, ocular injections are the current treatment of choice.
If you are diabetic, your eyes are extremely vulnerable to damage that can be prevented and slowed if discovered early. Our Optometrists strongly encourage you to have your eyes checked annually if you are a diabetic. Please call our office to schedule an appointment and to answer any of your questions and/or concerns.
Hypertensive retinopathy is damage to the back part of the eye (your retina) caused simply by high blood pressure. Controlling your high blood pressure (hypertension) is the main treatment for hypertensive retinopathy. High blood pressure increases your risk for many serious health conditions; your eyes are no exception. A yearly eye exam plays a very important role in monitoring your high blood pressure.
Glaucoma describes a group of eye disorders that result in the progressive damage of your optic nerve. Glaucoma is a serious condition because it directly affects the bundle of over 1 million nerve fibers that transmit your visual signals from your eye to your brain and can result in blindness. Most commonly, glaucoma stems from an increase of the fluid pressure inside your eye. This increased pressure is what causes the damage to your optic nerve. In the majority of cases glaucoma is a “silent” disease. One does not know they have glaucoma until they are diagnosed by their Optometrist during a routine exam.
The goal of your glaucoma treatment is to reduce the pressure inside your eye. The most common treatment is usually prescription eye drops. Occasionally, surgery may be required. The early detection of glaucoma is essential to maintaining your eye health. There is no permanent cure for glaucoma yet, so lifelong treatment is required. It is very important to begin treatment for your glaucoma as soon as it is detected.